Full text: Problems in eugenics

146 Section II. L. Querton. 
En résumé, nous pensons que l’organisation pratique et continue de 
l’action eugénique par des institutions locales permettrait de réaliser l’éduca­ 
tion des particuliers et des pouvours publics en même temps qu’elle assure­ 
rait l’efficacité de l’application des lois relatives à la protection et à l’instruc­ 
tion de l’enfance. 
Elle faciliterait la réunion des documents indispensables à la connaisance 
scientifique des faits d’hérédité et elle renseignerait d’une façon précise sur 
l’action réelle des diverses institutions sociales sur la transformation de la 
By Dr. Louis Querton, 
Professor to the University of Brussels. 
The study of the physiology and hygiene of the reproduction of the human 
race has, for some years, demanded the special attention of numbers of 
scientists. The proofs of degeneracy, systematically received, have made us 
appreciate the practical importance of this study, which has, up to the 
present, been greatly neglected owing to customs and prejudices which 
caused the function of reproduction in human beings to be considered as 
presenting special characteristics, rendering the study of it, outside medical 
circles, difficult. 
To-day we can approach, even before the general public, the examination 
of questions relative to the hygiene of reproduction, as we approach the 
examination of questions concerning the hygiene of nutrition or the hygiene 
of labour. The International Congress of Eugenics, following the 
Congress of genetics (Paris, 1911), and the Congress for the study of 
genealogy and heredity (Giessen, April, 1912), shows plainly the interest 
which the problem of the amelioration of the human race is actually arousing 
in all countries. 
We can foresee now the moment when the struggle against degeneracy 
and for the amelioration of the race will be systematically organized. 
We may ask ourselves how it would be possible to bring about the 
practical organization of eugenic action. The object of which should be at 
the same time (1) the study of causes which it would be possible to bring 
under social contiol, and which would be capable of improving or impairing 
the racial qualities of future generations; (2) the knowledge of the facts of 
heredity; and (3) the action of social institutions on the development of the 
race j in fine, the spread and application of the knowledge acquired.

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