Full text: Problems in eugenics

194Section III.A. Niceforo. 
from which each average results, I discover a fact which is, to my mind,, 
of the greatest importance. 
In superposing, indeed, the curve of sensibility of the poor on that of the 
rich children, I find—it is true—that the more numerous class (and that 
which coincides with the average) indicates a higher sensibility for the leisured 
subjects—but I find also that there exists amongst the 'poor subjects a certain 
quantity of individuals of a higher sensibility—and amongst the leisured 
subjects a certain quantity ofj subjects of an inferior sensibility. The 
analysis of the figures in a series brings into relief, consequently, facts 
which the average had hidden from us. And what is true of sensibility 
is also true of the other characters. 
One can therefore demonstrate the existence of a little group O'f 
“ superiors ” in the inferior classes, and a little group of “ inferiors ” in 
the superior classes. 
Is it not between the individuals forming these two exceptional groups 
that take place the social exchanges which permit the better and more clever 
to ascend from below and which force the degenerates from above to fall 
to a lower level ? 
The analysis of human groups so conducted enlarges1—if I do not deceive 
myself—the horizon of one of the most living and palpitating chapters of 
anthropology. It creates a new branch of anthropology that one might call 
Anthropology of the Poorer Classes or Anthropology of Social Classes, 
which studies the physical and mental characters of men—and which also 
studies the manner in which the circulation of the social molecules can be 
facilitated. But while taking into account the physical and mental inferiority 
of the inferior classes it finds, however, the existence of a certain quantity 
of inferiors in the superior classes, and of superiors in the inferior classes. 
Amongst the chapters of Eugenics—which proposes to itself the study 
of the physical and mental amelioration of the race—one of the most seduc­ 
tive should be that which on the one side seeks to discover in what way 
one can diminish the mesological causes (causes produced by the mean) of 
the deterioration of men—and which on the other side studies in what 
fashion one can facilitate the “ circulation ” of the superiors who find them­ 
selves below, and of the inferiors who find themselves above, in order to 
group in the superior classes the greatest number of “ superiors.’'
	        

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