Full text: papers communicated to the first International Eugenics Congress held at the University of London, July 24th to 30th, 1912

332Section III.D. C. Gini. 
(13)—This is how deaths between o and one month of age in Rome 
between 1897 and 1911 are «fistributed according to season and cause of 
death :— ( 
V 
Seasons 
of deathNumbers of 
those who 
died through 
immaturity or through 
maladies usually 
connected with 
immaturity t“f I 
Ecla.npssia wNumbers of dead 
due to 
maladies of the 
respiratory systemNumbers of dead 
due to 
maladies of the 
digestive system + 
•i-Numbers of dead 
from other 
causesTotal deaths 
Winter ...22833082242691253209 
Spring................152920061252932135 Summer...126315824459731977 Autumn...136812 136264771866 
T otal644378734514423689187 These data are also the result of an investigation carried out under the 
direction of Avv. Mancini by the order of Comm. Pelissier. 
(14)—P. Mantegazza. Igiene del’/ amore. Milan, Brigola, 1879. 
Pp. 266-267. 
(15)—This is one of the evils indirectly caused by artificial feeding. The 
direct evil caused by it, in increasing infant mortality, is certainly worse. 
Research on this subject dates back to Villerme, and has been lately made 
wider and more accurate by Silbergleit, Sterneberg, Methorst, and Huber. 
In a work, published in 1905, Silbergleit showed that for Berlin the 
mortality of children naturally fed during the first year of life was equal to 
5‘7%, and rose to 23*4% among those fed on cow milk. 
At Nimega Sterneberg found a mortality of 5'3% for children naturally 
fed and 35*5% for the others. At the Hague the mortality for those born 
in 1908 was 3'44% in the case of children naturally fed for at least eight 
weeks, and n‘86% for those artificially fed. In France amongst children 
sent out to be nursed in 1907 the mortality for the first year of life for those 
naturally fed was 33%, for the others it was 50%; but probably, as Huber 
says, the difference is really greater than is indicated by these figures, owing 
to the fact that some of the children considered as naturally fed some­ 
times have to receive additional nourishment. 
It is, however, impossible to decide how far the differences shown are 
due to differences in feeding or how far they may be due to differences in the
        

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