Full text: Problems in eugenics

334Section III.F. L. Hoffman. 
whom natural feeding is carried on as long as possible, usually until a new 
delivery takes place, has established in 21 cases the interval between the 
delivery and the reappearance of menstrual discharges, and for 18 other 
cases the interval during which menstruation had not yet reappeared. 
Out of these 39 cases, once only menstruation reappeared three months 
after delivery, and this happened to be an exceptional case, because the 
child had not been fed by the mother. See Ales Hrdlicka. Physiological 
and Medical Observations among the Indians of South-Western United 
States and Northern Mexico. Smithsonian Institution. Bureau of American 
Ethnology. Bulletin 34, Washington Government printing office, 1908. 
P. 64 and foil : 
Ed.—A further section of this paper reached us eight days only before publication, it will 
appear in the Supplement containing reports of discussions and proceedings to be published 
after the Congress. 
By Frederick L. Hoffman, LL.D., F.S.S., 
Statistician of the Prudential Insurance Co?npany of America. 
As a contribution to the practical study of eugenics the decennial 
maternity statistics of the State of Rhode Island are of exceptional interest 
and importance. Corresponding information, unfortunately, is not available 
for any other American State nor for the nation at large. For 1875 and 
1885 important social statistics were published in connection with the census 
of Massachusetts, but although the utility of the data could not be questioned 
the publication of the statistics has been discontinued. 
In 1905 the number of married females of all nationalities in the State 
of Rhode Island was 69,736, of whom 36,776, or 52.7%, were native- 
born; and 32,960, or 47.3%, were foreign-born. Of the native-born 
married women 26,329, or 71.6%, were mothers, and 10,447, or 
28.4%, were ascertained to be childless. Considering only the married 
women bom in Rhode Island, numbering 21,328, it was ascertained that of 
this number 15,257, or 28.5%, were childless, or about the same proportion 
as for all native-born married women considered as a group. 
Of the foreign-born married women in the State of Rhode Island, 
27,207, or 82.5% of the total number of married females, were mothers, 
and 5,753, or 17.5%, were childless. Contrasting this percentage of 17.5 
with the corresponding percentage of 28.4 for native-born married women, 
the fact requires only to be stated to emphasize its profound and far- 
reaching social as well as political significance.

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