Full text: papers communicated to the first International Eugenics Congress held at the University of London, July 24th to 30th, 1912

F. L. Hoffman. Sociology and Eugenics.335 
The average number of children to all married women in the State of 
Rhode Island was 2.66; for the native-born the average was 2.06; and for 
the foreign-born it was 3.35 
Considered in detail by nativities, it is shown that the average number 
of children to the total number of married women in Rhode Island of 
French-Canadian parentage was 4.42; of Russian parentage, 3.51; of 
Italian parentage, 3.49; of Irish parentage, 3.45; of Scotch and Welsh 
parentage, 3.09; of English parentage, 2.89; of German parentage, 
2.84; of Swedish parentage, 2.58; of English-Canadian parentage, 2.56; 
and of Polish parentage, 2.31; in contrast to an average of only 2.06 for 
native-born married women. 
Compared with the state census of 1885, the average number of children 
of native-born mothers has decreased from 3.49 to 2.88, or 17.5%. The 
average number of children of foreign-born parents has decreased from 5.38 
to 4.06, or 24.5%. The average number of children of parents of all 
nationalities has decreased from 4.72 during the 20-year period to 3.48, 
or 26.3%. Compared with the State Census of 1885 the average number of children 
to native-born married women has decreased from 2.81 to 2.06 or 26.7%. 
The average number of children of foreign-born married women has 
decreased from 4.69 to 3.35 or 28.6%. The average number of children of 
married women of all nationalities has decreased from 3.54 to 2.67, or 
24.6%. In 1885 a number of mothers were found in Rhode Island with families 
of from nineteen to twenty-four children each, while in 1905 no mothers 
were enumerated by the census who had more than eighteen children each. 
During the past twenty years the number of native-born mothers without 
children has increased 9.8%, whereas the number of foreign-born childless 
mothers increased only 4.7%. 
Considering the proportion of childless women by nativity, it was ascer­ 
tained by the census for 1905 that of the English-Canadian wives 24.2% 
were without children, whereas for the French-Canadian wives the propor­ 
tion was 14.8%; for English wives, 18.5% ; for German wives, 17.6%; for 
Irish wives, 17.5%.; for Italian wives, 16.5%; for Polish wives, 21.6%; for 
Russian wives, 12.0%; and for Scotch and Welsh wives, 17.1%. Of 
course, to a certain extent, these results are affected by the age distribution 
of the population, and it is well-known that most of the nativities from 
South-eastern Europe represent chiefly immigrants of the child-bearing 
period. Of the total number of children born to native-born mothers 79.5% were 
living at the time of the census enumeration, whereas for foreign-born 
mothers the corresponding percentage was 75.7. Comparing 1885 with
        

Note to user

Dear user,

In response to current developments in the web technology used by the Goobi viewer, the software no longer supports your browser.

Please use one of the following browsers to display this page correctly.

Thank you.