Full text: Problems in eugenics

F. W. Mott.Medicine and Eugenics.407 
Wales it is only 35^ per 1,000 (Fig. 2). On the face of it, this would 
Fig. 2. 
appear to show that conditions existed in London which led to insanity that 
were not so intense, or did not exist in the rest of the country. But more 
probable is it, that London during the last 15 years by doubling its asylum 
accommodation has gone far ahead of the rest of the country in this practical 
method of applied eugenics. 
Nevertheless, when we compare the registered pauper lunatics in different 
boroughs as this table which I exhibit shows, we shall be struck not only with 
the variable percentage for the different boroughs of the County of London, 
but also by the fact that in boroughs with a poor population there is a much 
higher percentage. You will observe the relative low percentage of Hamp­ 
stead 2‘6 per 1,000, Lewisham 2'8, Wandsworth 3‘5; whereas it is 7'9 per 
1,000 in St. Pancras, Westminster 8'i, St. Giles-in-the-Fields and Blooms­ 
bury 9'2, Strand i2‘7- The explanation of the high percentage of these 
latter, excepting the Strand, is that the pauper population is largely 
composed of the denizens of one-roomed tenements with a low wage earning 
capacity, and in districts where we should, owing to improvements and the 
pulling down of slum property, expect a diminution of pauperism and in­ 
sanity, there is no decrease, and in many instances an increase. Owing to better 
and cheaper means of locomotion an increasing number of the better classes 
and more desirable members of the lower classes, e.g., artisans and those 
in continuous employment, have migrated to the suburbs, the result being 
that in many boroughs large houses, which were formerly occupied by one 
family of the better classes, are now converted into flats and tenements 
accommodating a number of families generally very poor and relying upon 
casual labour. Woolwich has a relatively low percentage, 4*6 per 1,000, 
and I should attribute this to the fact that the majority of the householders, 
although not possessing high wage earning capacity, are more or less skillled 
artisans in comparatively continuous employment, whereas at Stepney (6’6), 
Poplar (6 2), and St. George s (6 4) casual labour and lower wage- 
earning capacity predominate, with a proportionately higher rate of over­ 
crowding in one-roomed tenements and pauperism. It is probable that 
those parishes which had a high rate of registered pauper lunacy would

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