Full text: Problems in eugenics

454Section IV.R. Dupuy. 
system, causing the appearance of puberty, (6) intellectual transforma­ 
tion by reason of the development of thought; reasoning and co-ordination 
of ideas ; the weakness and excitement of the brain are improved. There 
is an increase in intellectual attention and activity. These children oftsn 
make rapid progress at school, and are consequently able to maintain some 
sort of position in society, to follow some trade, and often become excellent 
workpeople, so long as they are kept to their own special line. 
It is certain that backward children who present intellectual anomalies 
ought to receive special training, and that in private schools with the 
boarding system. In these schools the doctor ought to have the main and 
preponderating influence, for all these backward subjects in intellect have 
generally a bodily ailment, which one must attend to first, and educate them 
afterwards. We will not speak of the special training applied to backward 
children. This subject has already been dealt with at length by others 
with more knowledge than ourselves, but we cannot conclude our remarks 
without insisting that in order to perform useful work, the schoolmaster 
must be the assistant and friend of the doctor. 
Conclusions :— 
(1) Backward children present either separately or in combination an 
arrest or retardation in their bodily and intellectual evolution, and in 
their sensory aptitudes. 
(2) These anomalies are due to two causes, cerebral lesions, which are 
generally incurable (atrophic backwardness), or else damage or abnormal 
function of the glands of internal secretion, with corresponding effects 
on the sympathetic system (distrophic backwardness), which is curable. 
(3) The dystrophis forms of anomaly are very varied. They may 
be bodily, psychial, or sensory, besides backwardness there may be 
perversion also. 
(4) The diagnosis of the type of backwardness is very delicate, and is 
often not made except by the use of organotherapy, which acts like 
a specific in the second category of cases. 
(5) Combined organotherapy produces surprising results, but always 
on condition that it is applied to dystrophic backwardness according to 
certain rules.

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