Full text: Problems in eugenics

C. B. Davenport. Practical Eugenics,19 
The control of the development of the children, at the different phases 
of their evolution, is strictly necessary to assure the education of the indi­ 
vidual and to check the degeneration of the race. 
The control is already established for certain classes of children, and 
during limited periods of their development. Nurslings, school children, 
and labourers can already, sometimes compulsorily, be submitted to 
control. But the insufficiency of the actual organization is very evident, and the 
results are, from the eugenic standpoint, unsatisfactory. 
In order to be really effective and to contribute to the improvement of 
the individual and to the betterment of the race, the control of the develop­ 
ment should, as far as possible, be exerted over all children, and it should 
last during the whole period of their evolution. This control should be 
compulsory, as well as education ; it should be exercised by an institution, 
the fréquentation of which, as well as that of school, might be forced upon 
all children whose development is not submitted to an effective control in 
their homes. Private initiative should create such institutions everywhere, 
and thus prepare legislative interference. 
These methodically organized eugenic institutions should, in the future, 
be the development of the administrative institutions, which actually estab­ 
lish the civil state of individuals. They would tend to facilitate the 
education of individuals and public bodies ; at the same time they would 
assure the strict application of the laws concerning the protection and 
education of childhood. 
They would collect the documents necessary to the scientific knowledge of 
the facts of heredity, and would supply precise information concerning the 
effective work of different social institutions on transformation of the race. 
MARRIAGE LAWS AND CUSTOMS. 
(Abstract.) 
By C. B. Davenport, 
Director, Eugenics Record O-flice, U.S.A. 
Of the various laws limiting freedom of marriage three are of biological 
import. First, the limitation of relationship between the mates; second, 
the limitations in mental capacity of the mates; and third, limitations of 
race. I* or the first there is a biological justification in so far as cousin 
marriages are apt to bring in from both sides of the house the same defect. 
For the second the justification is partial; but there is equal reason for 
forbidding the marriage of normal persons both of whom have mentally
	        

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