Full text: Problems in eugenics

IOEXHiBIT C 30—31. 
C 31The average for the whole empire in 1907 is 54.9, in 1908 54-5» 
fit in every 100 finally examined. The percentage of fitness has 
diminished 0.4% from 1907 to 1908. The numbers for 1904, 1905 and 
1906 are respectively 56.4, 56.3, and 55.9%. 
Towns with over 1,000,000 inhabitants show the smallest 
number of fit: 1907, 31.4%; 1908, 28.2%. The decline is 3.2%. 
Compared with the figure for the whole empire it shows 23.5% less 
fitness in 1907 and 26.3% in 1908. 
For towns of 500,000 to 1,000,000 inhabitants the figures are 
Slightly better; they reach 39.9% in 1907 and 44.0% in 1908; an 
improvement of 4.9% on the figures of the largest towns. The 
other three classes, viz., towns with 200,000 to 500,000; 100,000 to 
200.000 and 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants, show comparatively little 
variation in their figures for fitness for military service. They are 
50.1% and 48.9%; 47-9 and 48-2%; 51.8 and 51.5%. The 
differences between the two years are not material. With the towns 
of from 200.000 td 500,000 and from 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 
there has been a decrease against an increase in those of from 
100.000 to 200,000 inhabitants. But the figures for all three 
classes remain behind the average figure for the empire and so do 
those of all towns, they show 50.4 and 50.1%. 
The most favourable results are yielded by the country districts. 
Here there were fit in 1907 58%, in 1908 57.7%. A trifling decrease 
is shown even here. The figures, however, are higher by 3.1% in 
1907 and 3.2% in 1908 than the average for the empire. The con­ 
clusion is that the fitness is highest in the smallest, and lowest in 
the largest places. 
Taking the average for the Empire as 100, those found fit from 
country districts number 106, from towns 92, from towns of over 
50.000 inhabitants 83, and from towns of over 100,000 only 80.” 
The tables showing the recruiting results amongst those qualified 
for the one year voluntary service are particularly interesting. 
In Table C 31 Schwiening (Veröffentlichungen aus dem Militär 
Sanitatswesen. 40. Berlin, Hirschwald, 1909) gives the figures of 
those finally passed as fit for military service in the Mittelschulen 
(secondary schools), which are classified according to their nature. 
The figures are too optimistic because no account has been taken of 
those who were found temporarily unfit. The Classical Schools 
(Gymnasium) give the least satisfactory results.

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