Full text: papers communicated to the first International Eugenics Congress held at the University of London, July 24th to 30th, 1912

Exhibit C 33—36. 
C 33 
C 34 
C 35 & 36Table C33is a comparison of the frequency of the various causes 
of unfitness as between those qualified for the one year’s voluntary 
service and the recruits in general. This table is very remarkable, 
because it shows the preponderance of general weakness, diseases of 
the heart and large vessels, and pulmonary defects among the former. 
Military Fitness and Secondary Schooi.s. 
Percentage of unfit to every 100 recruits examined. 
Cause of rejection : 
General debility—weak 
chest. 
Diseases of the heart and 
lar^e blood-vessels. 
Defects of eyes (errors of 
refraction). 
Disease of the joints 
or limbs. 
Pulmonary defects.Classical High School. 
Old Science and Classical High School. 
Modern Science High School. 
Lower Grade High School. 
Training College. 
Figure C 33. 
It goes without saying that the schools are only responsible to 
a lesser degree for this; we have to deal here with a serious symptom 
of a bad constitution amongst the higher social grades which betrays 
itself also in the dying out of the socially prominent families. How 
badly their progeny comes off, in spite of the great care bestowed 
on it, is illustrated in Table C 34. In two Munich Regiments the 
percentage of fit among all those entitled to offer themselves for the 
one year’s service from the most varied parts of Germany was only, 
according to Dieudonne, 21.6, 20.1, and 16.4. 
Great anxiety is justly caused by the increasing number of those 
taken care of in public Lunatic Asylums. It remains doubtful to 
what degree this may be due to the greater use made of asylums 
and the decrease of the care of the mentally infirm in the family 
home; the deterioration of the nervous system nevertheless remains 
according to the general impression an incontestable fact. As a
        

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