Full text: Problems in eugenics

Exhibit C 85—90.37 
or damaged in many ways, and this inferiority is often passed down to 
the grand-children. The most recent Serum investigations (the Wasser- 
man reaction) are the first to throw full light on this. In Germany 
syphilis occurs much more frequently in town than in the country; 
this no doubt dependent on prostitution and on a much greater degree 
of promiscuity of sexual intercourse in cities. In the country couples 
keep together with greater constancy, even in the case of cohabitation 
without marriage. 
The frequency of syphilis and other venereal diseases in C 86-88 
town and country is illustrated in Table C 86, which gives the 
result of the enquiries of the Prussian Government on the 30th 
April, T900, and Table C 87 after Schwiening, on the frequency of 
sexual diseases among military recruits. Also Table C 88 which gives 
the frequency of delirium tremens, epilepsy, and general paralysis in 
the Prussian lunatic asylums, points in the same direction 
by the great differences shown in the frequency of general 
paralysis in the different institutions. This table, at the same 
time, indicates what is also supported by other observations, that the 
frequency and intensity of harmful influences through alcohol are 
much greater in towns than in the country; this may be partly because 
in cities there is a greater and more regular abuse of alcoholic bever­ 
ages than in the country, partly because town-life induces a greater 
susceptibility to alcoholic poisoning than country life (less intense 
metabolism with sedentary occupations). 
Injury to the reproductive function through alcohol. It has c 89-90 
been known for a long time that drunkards are frequently sterile. 
This must be attributed to the fact that the testicles of drunkards 
become to a great extent atrophied. The condition is shown in 
Figure C 89 by R. Weichselbaum,* representing a section through 
the testicle of a drunkard. Figure C 90 which shows a section 
through a normal testicle, enables even the layman to observe the 
atrophy of the characteristic glandular tissue of the testicle. Weich­ 
selbaum has up to now found that in fifty-four cases, without excep­ 
tion, in which alcoholism had been proved, this atrophy could be 
demonstrated to a greater or less degree. In thirty of these cases 
the subject was so young that senile atrophy was out of the question. 
The abuse of alcohol is not the only harmful influence which is able 
to induce such atrophy of the testicles, but chronic alcoholism acts 
with special intensity. Very similar results to those of Weichselbaum 
* Verhandlungen der Deutschen Patholog : Gesellschaft, 14th day, 
Jena, Fischer, 1910, page 234.
	        

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