Full text: Problems in eugenics

38Exhibit C 90—96. 
C 91 
C 92 
C 93 
C 94 
C 95 
C 96have been obtained by Bertholet (Zentralbl. f. allg. Pathologie 20 
Bd. 1909) in 37 out of 39 habitual drunkards. They agree with 
observations on the vesiculae seminales of drunkards by Simmonds, 
who found that in 61% of the cases examined the spermatozoa were 
absent or dead. It is a permissible assumption that a poison which 
can cause the total atrophy of the sexual glands may, in an earlier 
stage, have adversely influenced in respect to quality the function 
of those organs. 
Alcohol and Degeneration, from the tables on the alcohol 
question by Gruber and Kraépelin, Munich; Lehmann; con­ 
tains the well-known statistics of Demme, Bunge, and Arrivée. 
Table C 92 adds to the summary of the statistical observations of 
Demme, further details of the kind of abnormalities which were 
observed in children of drunkards. Representing, as they do, 
exceptionally bad cases with a high degree of degeneration, one may 
doubt whether and in how far congenital hereditary inferiority of 
the parents may have had its influence. 
Figure C 93 contains the well-known result of v. Bunge’s investiga­ 
tions on the influence of paternal alcoholism on the suckling capacity of 
the daughters. The varying frequency of the habitual consumption of 
alcohol and of drunkenness proper of the father in the two groups of 
families is most striking. Official investigations of this question on a 
large scale are urgently called for. 
Figure C 94 dealing with the interconnection of tuberculosis, 
nervous diseases and psychoses of the progeny and the alcohol 
consumption of the father, is derived from Bunge’s investigations. 
It is worthy of notice that he endeavoured to eliminate from his 
statistics all families in whom hereditary diseases could be traced 
previously. Table C 95 contains a summary of T. Laitinen’s experiments 
on animals with small quantities of alcohol. The degree of injury 
to the progeny supposed to be produced by even a minimum quantity 
of alcohol (corresponding to about one-third of pint of beer for a 
man) is astounding. Repetition of these experiments on a large 
scale and with the strictest care would be most desirable here also. 
Table C 96 also refers to reports by T. Laitinen.* It deals 
with the effect of alcohol on the progeny in man. Unfortunately 
Laitinen’s paper is so confused and inexact that it is impossible for 
* Internat. Monatschrift z. Erforschung des Alkoholismus, Juli, 1910.

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