Full text: Problems in eugenics

43Exhibit D — 2. 
Exhibited by David Fairchild Weeks, M.D., 
Director of the New Jersey State Village for Epileptics at 
Ski liman, U.S.A. 
Explanation of Symbols used in the Charts. 
Male individuals are indicated by squares and females by circles. 
The members of each fraternity are connected by the same horizontal 
line. The fraternity line is connected by a vertical line to the line 
joining the symbols representing the father and mother. Illegal 
unions and illegitimate children are shown by dotted lines. As an 
aid in tracing the patient’s immediate family, a green line is used 
to connect the direct ancestors on the paternal side, and a red line on 
the maternal side. The red squares and circles indicate epileptics, the 
green the insane, the black the feeble-minded, and purple the 
criminalistic. The figures directly above the fraternity line indicate 
the rank in birth, a figure inside a square or circle shows the number 
of individuals of that sex. A black dot suspended from the fraternity 
line stands for a miscarriage or a stillbirth. A line underneath a 
square or circle shows that institutional care has been received. The 
hand points out our patient. 
The following letters indicate the different conditions : A, alco­ 
holic ; B, blind; C, criminalistic; D, deaf; E, epileptic; F, feeble­ 
minded; I, insane; M, migrainous; N, normal; P, paralytic; S, 
syphilitic; T, tubercular; W, wanderer, tramp ; d, died; b, born ; 
inf, infancy; Sx, unchaste. 
This chart shows very clearly the dangerous results of a mar­ 
riage in which both of the parents are epileptic. Of the four chil­ 
dren the first three were epileptic, and the fourth, a boy, who died at 
the age of nine, was feeble-minded. All four of these children were 
cared for at public expense, two are patients at the New Jersey State 
Village for Epileptics, and the other two were wards of the 
Children’s Home Finding Society. The epileptic father is dead, and 
the mother married again to an alcoholic man. When last heard of 
she had another child. 
An epileptic woman, married to a feeble-minded man, is respon­ 
sible for the large number of defectives shown on this chart. The 
principal mating is that of one of the epileptic daughters of this 
woman, who, like her mother, married a feeble-minded man. Eight 
children resulted from this marriage; one died before two years of 
age, the other seven were epileptic, the live who are living are patients 
at the New Jersey State Village. Two of the girls in this fraternity

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