Full text: Problems in eugenics

58Exhibit H 25—30. 
H 25 
H 26 
H 27 
H 28 
H 29-30Australia. The death rate has fallen with the birth rate, and is 
now only about 10 per 1,000. 
New Zealand. The only country in which the fall in the birth 
rate has not produced a fall in the death rate, and which is not 
therefore over-populated. The infantile mortality is the lowest in 
ihe world, and the death rate less than 10 per 1,000, which gives us 
an ideal which we can reach in all countries by lowering the birth 
rate sufficiently. The City oj Toronto. The birth rate has fallen and after­ 
wards risen. The death rate has fallen with the birth rate, and 
aftenvards risen, showing that the improvements in sanitation have 
not been the cause of the falling death rate in other countries. 
Berlin. The birth rate rose rapidly from 1841 to 1876, and 
afterwards fell even more rapidly. The death rate, except for 
epidemics and wars, rose and fell in almost precise correspondence 
with the birth rate. 
Europe and Western Europe. These show that the total 
population of Europe is increasing faster, the more the birth rate 
falls, while in Western Europe the birth and death rates corre­ 
spond almost exactly. Calculations made from this show that about 
25,000,000 fewrer deaths have occurred in Europe since 1876, due 
to the fall in the birth rate caused by the Knowlton Trial and the 
Neo-Malthusian movement. It should be noted that in the great 
majority of cases the decline of the birth rate commenced in 1877, 
the year of the Knowlton Trial.

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