Full text: Problems in eugenics

62Exhibit K 2—2A. 
i.e., the type of nose. The Red Indian and European type of nose 
are easily distinguishable. In the Red Indian the nose is prominent 
and its frontal profile is formed by two lines which diverge from 
the bridge towards the base. The latter is, in consequence, very 
broad. The form of nose is sometimes known as the busque or 
curved type, since its lateral profile is in outline markedly aquiline. 
But examination of a series of photographs of Red Indians shows 
some variation in the lateral profile, since some are decidedly con­ 
cave. But the broadness at the base is apparently never diminished; 
it is always marked and unmistakable. The well-pronounced Indian 
nose can always be easily distinguished from the European nose by 
persons who have had a long acquaintance with both races. But 
cases do occur where even an experienced observer would feel some 
doubt in expressing an opinion as to which type a given nose 
belonged. Such cases are, however, not common. 
K 2 a From the pedigrees of families derived from a mixed racial 
parentage in my possession, I select two for exhibition at this 
Congress. The first is that known as “ Family 5 ” in my list. In 
this case a Scotchman (Generation A, S) married a full-blood 
Indian woman. They had a son and daughter (Generation B, 2 
and 3). The half-breed son had the Indian type of nose. The 
daughter had a small and well-shaped European nose. 
The son married a full-blood Indian woman (Generation B, 1) 
and had four children. Two of these were infants at the time my 
informant knew them, and though they were described as being 
generally of the Indian type, they were too young to give any reliable 
details concerning the form of the nose. The two elder children 
(Generation C, 1 and 2) were a daughter and a son, and both had 
the Indian type of nose. 
The half-breed daughter (Generation B, 4) married twice. Her 
first husband was a half-breed Indian (B 3). He was not seen by 
my informant. They had a son and a daughter (Generation C, 5 
and 6). The former was Indian in type of nose as well as in other 
facial characters. The daughter, though she had very decided 
Indian cheek bones, had the European type of nose. She is of 
further interest, inasmuch as while her eye-colour was European 
the shape of her eyes was characteristically Indian. 
The second husband of the half-breed daughter was a Welsh­ 
man (Generation B, W). By him she had seven children. The last 
was a baby at the time my informant saw it, and we may leave it out 
of account. The penultimate child was a son (Generation C, 12), 
and his nose was sunken, and my informant found it difficult to say 
whether it was European or Indian in type. I rather suspect from 
an inspection of some photographs of Indians which I have seen

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