Full text: Problems in eugenics

Exhibit K 2A—2B.63 
that it resembles a very concave flattened Indian type. Of the 
remaining five children, four had an European type and one an 
Indian type of nose. 
Assuming that my informant’s observations and memory are 
accurate—and I feel sure they are quite reliable since he spent many 
years among the Indians and half-breeds of North America in com­ 
pany with other Europeans, and he is a man of naturally sharp 
discernment—this family shows clear evidence of the segregation of 
nose type. It is shown more particularly in the children of the half- 
breed daughter who married twice, since among her offspring 
(Generation C, 5-13) both types of nose appeared. The reappearance 
of the European nose was manifested, not only when she was mated 
back to an European in her second marriage, but when she married 
a half-breed like herself. This latter' marriage, however, did not 
constitute, as we might at first sight regard it, an experimental mating 
in every way analogous to a Mendelian cross of DR x DR ; because 
although she was a half-breed her nose was not like her brother’s 
of the Indian type, but European. 
It thus appears as though the Indian nose was dominant in one 
case, and the European in the other. Too much stress must not be 
laid on this point. So many half-breeds are indistinguishable from 
full-blood Indians, that the possibility is to be borne in mind that 
this woman’s mother, who was married to the Scotchman, was not 
really a full-blood Indian, and that tradition was in error. I am, 
however, making further inquiries. 
But Mendeilian segregation is shown in this pedigree in another 
way. The granddaughter (Generation C, 6), by the first husband, 
manifested, as already indicated, an European type of nose and 
European eye-colour. She also manifested other European characters, 
with which I do not now purpose dealing. But her cheek bones were 
decidedly Indian and the shape of her eyes were also Indian. Thus 
we have the segregation in the same individual of the characters of 
two distinct races of men. In other words, there has been segrega­ 
tion of racial characters followed by their recombination in a hybrid 
race. That is a fact of some importance, in what we may designate 
as anthropological Eugenics, or, if we prefer it, as the Eugenics of 
Anthropology. For it turns our thoughts to the possibility of calling 
into being a more perfect type of men by the recombination of the 
better alternative qualities of two less perfect races. 
The second pedigree exhibited is that of “ Family 4” in mv K2b 
list. I am indebted to another informant for the facts of this 
pedigree, and they relate to another part of North America. In this 
case a Frenchman (Generation A. F) married a full-blood Indian

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