Full text: Problems in eugenics

Exhibit K 3—4.65 
to whom we are indebted for the exhibit of a photograph, taken 
during a journey through Spain a few years ago, of a Spanish gipsy 
woman with her three children, has made several observations of 
some interest. She became acquainted with a family in which “ the 
mother was a dark-skinned, black-haired, black-eyed gipsy woman. 
(See photograph, Exhibit No. K3.) The husband was a Spaniard 
with blue eyes. There were three children. Of these, the eldest 
had flaxen hair and blue eyes. The second was a boy with black 
eyes, black hair, and an olive skin as dark as the mother’s. The 
third child was too young to justify any conclusion being based on 
its characteristics. It was only 18 months old; but was flaxen­ 
haired, blue-eyed, and fair skinned. This observation of Mrs. Haig 
Thomas, in Granada, affords then a clear example of the segregation 
of blue-eye and flaxen-hair characters among the gametes of the 
black-eyed, black-haired, and olive-complexioned mother. For, in 
the light of Mendelian researches, it is obvious she was carrying these 
characters recessive, and that some of her gametes were pure in 
respect of them.ARAB V. SPANIARD. 
The second photograph, exhibited by Mrs. Haig Thomas (Ex- k 4 
hibit N0.K4), is of three sisters who were also photographed in 
Granada. The eldest is of the dark, typical “ Arab type,” so well 
recognised by Spaniards wherever it is seen in Spain. The second 
sister is clearly much lighter in hair and fairer in complexion than 
her sister. The nose, too, is very distinct in both. The baby is 
fair. It is impossible, of course, to trace the remote ancestry of 
these sisters, and Mrs. Haig Thomas obtained no information as to 
their parents, but from what we know of Spanish history the case 
suggests a possible segregation of Moorish from Gothic features 
after the intermixture of the two races, by marriage, had occurred. 
But the question is extremely complex. It is impossible to say to 
what extent the inhabitants of modern Spain represent in varying 
degrees a commingled race of Phoenicians and Iberians, of these with 
Romans and Goths, and of all with Moors, themselves at the time of 
the conquest of Spain a mixed race. All that can be said with any 
degree of probability is that these various races have more or less 
intermingled* during the long history of Spain, and that the flaxen 
hair and blue eyes among its inhabitants are the heritage which the 
Goths have left them. 
*1 advisedly use the word intermingled and not blended.

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