Full text: papers communicated to the first International Eugenics Congress held at the University of London, July 24th to 30th, 1912

62Section I.E. Morselli. 
to the realisation of a uniform type of man : on the contrary, it ought to 
vary its practical efforts according to the natural differentiation of work 
amongst races and nations during the bio-historical period. 
(xi.) In the totality of its varieties, the Humanity of the future will be 
without doubt much superior physically and mentally to the present 
Humanity, as this is superior in regard to that of ancient times : therefore, 
the general improvement of the species should not aim at the equalisation of 
men nor at that of races or nations. Each of these has its particular 
task in History, which is determined by its place in space, by its relation to 
the environment, by its experiences, by the products of its special mentality, 
by its ideals, and by its conception of life. 
(xii.) In actual fact, according to the reporter, future generations, while 
acquiring characters always more specific from the point of view of the 
human type, should never destroy nor lose those characters acquired by 
special adaptations to their diverse local conditions of existence. 
When it shall have become possible to create and apply a universal 
science of Eugenics, i.e., common to all civilised peoples, each of these 
should mark the directing lines of an ethnological Eugenics which should 
keep in view the defence and the propagation of its proper physical type, 
always more differentiated, and of the proper mentality, always more char­ 
acteristic. As amongst individuals, success in life is assured only to those 
who best know how to form and maintain a proper personality, so amongst 
nations and races, the most vital and the most dominant will always be those 
who will create and jealously preserve a proper type of structure and culture, 
learning how to regulate propagation in sexual unions. 
David Fairchild Weeks, M.D., 
Medical Superintendent and Executive Officer, 
The New Jersey State Village for Epileptics at Skillman, U.S.A. 
In the preparation of this paper for the First International Eugenics 
Congress, I have endeavoured to bring our study to date, and have therefore 
borrowed from and will include in this paper the 177 pedigrees studied by 
Dr. C. B. Davenport and the writer in our joint paper, “A First Study of 
the Inheritance of Epilepsy.’’ 
In this study we have classified as epilepsy not only those cases of 
well marked convulsions, but also cases in which there has been only momen­ 
tary loss of consciousness. In the somewhat hurried investigation into the 
pedigrees of our patients, we have undoubtedly overlooked less marked cases 
of epilepsy and various border-line cases.

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